We usually think that when it comes to the power to amend laws, do punishment enforcement, and handling international affairs, it is mainly the job of the President. However, the President doesn’t work alone running the government. The President is only a fragment in a bigger picture of governmental structure.
The definition of government lays on an entity which has the power to manage certain state or civilized society. It is also differentiated with other administrative structure of other governmental units. In order to be considered as a government, three requirements must be fulfilled by certain entity. The existence as integrated governmental units, governmental characteristics, and the significant autonomy in the local governments.
In the end 1783 when American Revolution happened, the US government demanded for a new change. Initially, The US Founding Fathers longed the idea of having a fair and strong government. Which protects the individual rights and does not corrupt its power. Four years later, The US government was established in three distinctive branches with differentiated responsibilities. The purpose is to ensure that one branch cannot become too strong in utilizing its power, because the other two branches main job is to control the power of another. The three branches seamlessly cooperate in running the country as well as establishing policies for the public.
The first branch is called as the Legislative branch. The primary functions of this branch are creating laws, approve the federal judges and justice, passing the national budget, and the authority to declare wars. It consists of US Senators and members of the US house of representatives. Each state consists of senators and representatives based on the population of citizens in the states.
The second branch is known as the Executive branch, or also known as the branch specifically for the President and his or her Vice President. The responsibility of this branch is to enforce the laws created by the Legislative branch. The President consults with 15 Cabinet members which specialize in certain divisions. Such as drug control, national security, science and technology policy, and treasury in determining important decisions. It is also responsible in appointing government officials, allocating military resources, and establishing partnership with leaders from other countries. Due to the considerable amount of responsibilities which the Executive branch has. The number of employees hired by this branch is also the biggest, which is up to 4 million of American citizens.
The last branch is recognized as the Judicial branch. This branch consists of whole courts in the US, ranged from smaller federal courts up the way to the US Supreme Court.